Tamoxifen or raloxifene

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  1. Marry Well-Known Member

    Tamoxifen or raloxifene


    The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Hormone therapy using raloxifene and tamoxifen may fight breast cancer by blocking the uptake of estrogen by the tumor cells. The NSABP Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) trial. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U. PURPOSE: Randomized double-blinded clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of raloxifene with that of tamoxifen in preventing breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Participants are stratified by age (35 to 49 vs 50 to 59 vs over 59), race (black vs white vs other), history of lobular carcinoma in situ (yes vs no), prior hysterectomy (yes vs no), and estimated absolute risk of invasive breast cancer within 5 years (using the Gail model)(less than 2.0 vs 2.0-2.9 vs 3.0-4.9 vs 5.0 or greater). RATIONALE: Estrogen can stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells. Patient-reported symptoms and quality of life during treatment with tamoxifen or raloxifene for breast cancer prevention: the NSABP Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) P-2 trial. Land SR, Wickerham DL, Costantino JP, Ritter MW, Vogel VG, Lee M, Pajon ER, Wade JL 3rd, Dakhil S, Lockhart JB Jr, Wolmark N, Ganz PA. Effects of tamoxifen vs raloxifene on the risk of developing invasive breast cancer and other disease outcomes: the NSABP Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) P-2 trial. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-LBA561, 2006. Vogel VG, Costantino JP, Wickerham DL, Cronin WM, Cecchini RS, Atkins JN, Bevers TB, Fehrenbacher L, Pajon ER Jr, Wade JL 3rd, Robidoux A, Margolese RG, James J, Lippman SM, Runowicz CD, Ganz PA, Reis SE, Mc Caskill-Stevens W, Ford LG, Jordan VC, Wolmark N; National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP). The use of tamoxifen and raloxifene for the prevention of breast cancer. Ganz PA, Land SR, Wickerham DL, et al.: The study of tamoxifen and raloxifene (STAR): first report of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from the NSABP P-2 breast cancer prevention study. [Abstract] Breast Cancer Res Treat 100 (Suppl 1): A-33, S16, 2006. Wickerham DL, Costantino JP, Vogel VG, Cronin WM, Cecchini RS, Ford LG, Wolmark N. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-1506, 2007. Vogel VG, Costantino JP, Wickerham DL, et al.: The effects of tamoxifen versus raloxifene on the risk of developing noninvasive breast cancer in the NSABP study of tamoxifen and raloxifene (STAR) P-2 trial. Compliance with patient-reported outcomes in multicenter clinical trials: methodologic and practical approaches. If you or a loved one has increased risk factors for breast cancer, developing a risk reduction plan is an important conversation to have with your doctor. At our hospital, we always recommend tackling obesity and alcohol usage first, but for those at high risk, chemoprevention can be a small piece of the risk reduction puzzle. Cancer chemoprevention is the use of drugs, either manufactured or natural, to delay or prevent the diagnosis of cancer. Breast cancer prevention drugs like tamoxifen, raloxifene and aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are the most commonly used drugs for preventative therapy. Chemoprevention does not treat malignant breast cancer if you’ve already been diagnosed. But you might be a good candidate for breast cancer prevention drugs if you have a benign (i.e. non-cancerous) disease that puts you in the high-risk category.

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    The recommendation applies to asymptomatic women aged 35 years or older without a prior diagnosis of breast cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ, or lobular. Compare Evista vs Tamoxifen head-to-head for uses, ratings, cost, side effects, interactions and more. Evista rated 7.0/10 vs Tamoxifen rated 6.2/10 in. Drugs could be a lifesaver and in this case, Raloxifene Raloxifene Hydrochloride and Tamoxifen Tamoxifen Citrate are two drug compounds that have the potential to.

    Tamoxifen and raloxifene have been shown to reduce the risk breast cancer, but they can have their own risks and side effects. Tamoxifen and raloxifene are the only drugs that are approved in the US to help lower the risk of breast cancer, although for some women, drugs called aromatase inhibitors might be an option as well. This means that they act against (or block) estrogen (a female hormone) in some tissues of the body, but act like estrogen in others. Estrogen can fuel the growth of breast cancer cells. Tamoxifen can be taken whether or not you have gone through menopause, but raloxifene is only approved for post-menopausal women. Both of these drugs block estrogen in breast cells, which is why they can be useful in lowering breast cancer risk. To lower the risk of breast cancer, these drugs are taken for 5 years. The effect of these drugs on breast cancer risk has varied in different studies. When the results of all the studies are taken together, the overall reduction in risk for these drugs is about 40% (more than a third). These drugs lower the risk of both invasive breast cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Although a medicine that cuts your risk by about 40% sounds like it must be a good thing, what it would really mean for you depends on how high your risk is in the first place (your baseline risk). Bei Risikopatientinnen senken Tamoxifen und Raloxifen in gleichem Umfang das Brustkrebsrisiko. Da die beiden Wirkstoffe ein unterschiedliches Nebenwirkungsprofil aufweisen, können bei der Therapiewahl das Risikoprofil und individuelle Patientenwünsche berücksichtigt werden. Zur Prävention von Brustkrebs bei Risikopatientinnen werden selektive Estrogenrezeptor-Modulatoren (SERMs) eingesetzt. Für das ältere Tamoxifen, das auch in der Therapie des hormonrezeptorpositiven Mammakarzinoms angewandt wird, liegen mehrere Studien vor, in denen eine deutliche Abnahme des relativen Brustkrebsrisikos gezeigt wurde, und auch das jüngere Raloxifen, das bislang hauptsächlich in der Osteoporosetherapie eingesetzt wird, verfügt über ein Potenzial zur Vorbeugung von Brustkrebs. In zwei Studien wurden diese beiden Wirkstoffe direkt miteinander verglichen. Die eine Studie befasste sich mit der präventiven Potenz bei Brustkrebs und den Nebenwirkungen dieser Substanzen, die zweite mit der Lebensqualität der Probandinnen unter diesen Therapien. Präventionsstudie Die prospektive, multizentrische, randomisierte und doppelblinde NSABP-Studie (NSABP = National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project) wurde im Juli 1999 begonnen.

    Tamoxifen or raloxifene

    Tamoxifen, Raloxifene & Aromatase Inhibitors How Breast Cancer., Evista vs Tamoxifen Comparison -

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  6. Subsequently, the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene STAR trial was launched in.

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    Overall, the analysis showed that raloxifene is better than tamoxifen for reducing breast cancer risk in women with a uterus. For women who have had a hysterectomy, the benefit-risk profiles for raloxifene and tamoxifen are similar. Researchers have developed a benefit-risk index to help guide decisions on whether postmenopausal women at increased risk of developing breast cancer. Tamoxifen, but not raloxifene, has been found to increase risk for endometrial cancer 4 more cases per 1000 women. Potential harms from tamoxifen-related endometrial cancer are small to moderate and depend on hysterectomy status and age.

     
  7. uncontill Moderator

    Clostridium difficile (klos-TRID-e-um dif-uh-SEEL), often called C. diff, is a bacterium that can cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon. difficile most commonly affects older adults in hospitals or in long-term care facilities and typically occurs after use of antibiotic medications. difficile infection among people traditionally not considered high risk, such as younger and healthy individuals without a history of antibiotic use or exposure to health care facilities. Each year in the United States, about a half million people get sick from C. difficile infections have become more frequent, severe and difficult to treat. difficile infection care at Mayo Clinic Some people carry the bacterium C. difficile in their intestines but never become sick, though they may still spread the infection. Signs and symptoms usually develop within five to 10 days after starting a course of antibiotics, but may occur as soon as the first day or up to two months later. difficile infection are: In severe cases, people tend to become dehydrated and may need hospitalization. difficile causes the colon to become inflamed (colitis) and sometimes may form patches of raw tissue that can bleed or produce pus (pseudomembranous colitis). See your doctor if you have three or more watery stools a day and symptoms lasting more than two days or if you have a new fever, severe abdominal pain or cramping, or blood in your stool. difficile bacteria are found throughout the environment — in soil, air, water, human and animal feces, and food products, such as processed meats. Signs and symptoms of severe infection include: Some people have loose stools during or shortly after antibiotic therapy. A small number of healthy people naturally carry the bacteria in their large intestine and don't have ill effects from the infection. difficile infection is most commonly associated with health care and recent antibiotic use, occurring in hospitals and other health care facilities where a much higher percentage of people carry the bacteria. However, studies show increasing rates of community-associated C. difficile infection, which occurs among populations traditionally not considered high risk, such as children and people without a history of antibiotic use or recent hospitalization. difficile bacteria are passed in feces and spread to food, surfaces and objects when people who are infected don't wash their hands thoroughly. Which Antibiotics Are Most Associated with Causing Clostridium. Online Drug Store Chennai - Osprey Tax Amoxicillin c diff colitis. Amoxicillin online drugs
     
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